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Mental Maths Workbook - doing simple divisions

ClassRoom

Class Room

Let us say that you are having a birthday party at your house and you had 12 candy sweets and you wanted to give all of them to your friends. Let us say that you had 4 friends at the party. Essentially, what you want to do is divide your candy sweets amongst your friends.

CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage
1 2 3 4 5 6
CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage
7 8 9 10 11 12

And these are your friends.

LittleBoy

LittleBoy

LittleBoy

LittleBoy

Think of the problem as dividing the candies into groups of 4. You can take one candy, give it to the first friend, another candy to the next friend and then back again, until you have distributed all the candy. It is easy to see that each friend would get 3 candies.

LittleBoy CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage
LittleBoy CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage
LittleBoy CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage
LittleBoy CandyImage CandyImage CandyImage

In math, we write this down as:

x

Given the above example:

The whole object of division is to find a number, the quotient, which when multiplied by the divisor will give us the dividend. Thus, division is the converse of multiplication. So, if you know your tables, simply use those to find the answers to all the problems in this exercise. In the current example, 3 x 4 = 12.

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